July 2, 1298
Death of Graf Adolf von Nassau near Worms, Germany. He was King of the Germans until deposed by the Habsburg, Albert I.
July 2, 1714
Birth of Christoph Gluck (1714-1787) in Erasbach, Germany. Gluck was the first German to write significant operas. His operas include Orfeo ed Eurydice, Alceste, and Iphigenie en Tauride.
July 2, 1724
Birth of Friedrich Klopstock in Quedlinburg, Germany. One of the more important poets in German literature, Klopstock had the effect of breaking the rationalist tradition of his century. No doubt his best known epic poem is Der Messias (The Messiah).
July 2, 1843
Death of Samuel Hahnemann in Paris (born in Meisen, Germany). Hahnemann completed his M.D. at the University of Erlangen in 1779. Hahnemann through his studies created the medical system now known as homeopathy. It is based on the idea that small doses of toxins have curative powers. His theory is contained in the book Organon der rationellen Heilkunst (1810). He was driven out of Leipzig by the medical establishment and moved to Paris where he was quite popular.
July 2, 1865
Birth of feminist leader Lily Braun in Halberstadt, Prussia. (Born, von Kretschman) Her most important book was Die Frauenfrage, ihre geschichtliche Entwicklung und wirtschaftliche Seite. In that book she postulated that capitalism destroys the family and thus makes socialism inevitable.
July 2, 1876
Birth of Wilhelm Cuno in Suhl, Germany. Cuno was a successful businessman, general director of the Hamburg-America line and German chancellor during the Weimar Republic.
July 2, 1877
Birth of Hermann Hesse in Calw, Germany. He wasDuring his teenage years Hesse was showing his highly rebellious nature by having intense conflicts with his parents, fleeing from the Seminary where he was studying at the time and even an attempt at a suicide after which he was placed in a mental institution.
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