Wurzburg Residence. the Bavarian Historical Baroque Heritage
Wurzburg Residence and its splendid Court Gardens are located at the edge of the Bavarian small town Wurzburg near the Main River. The Residence was constructed in the 18 th century for housing the Bavarian Prince-Bishop and his family. The house together with its surrounding gardens were included into the UNESCO World Heritage List due to its classical example of Baroque style and luxurious interior. However, most visitors admire the Wurzburg Residence’s huge size which drops them out of the real world and invites to the world of imagination and fantasy…
The two artists who celebrated the Wurzburg Residence and gave it the world-famous status were German architect Balthazar Neumann and Italian painter Giovanni Battista Tiepolo . While Neumann created the unsupported soaring vaulted ceiling and lavish staircase Tiepolo managed to make the ceiling more stunning by adding the fresco which is unimaginable in size and colors.
The Wurzburg Residence comprises three hundred rooms very unlike to each other. However, all interior is kept in classical rococo style full of decorations, gold and color and size. Again, we go back to the size of the Residence: first striking element is the doors which are more likely look as unreal ones because one cannot imagine whether they are physically opened at all. Next striking thought while you are walking closer is ‘yes, they are real and can be opened!’ The doors have double entries: the smaller ones for people and the doors themselves were unlocked to let in the large horsed carriages full of noble guests invited by the Bishop to huge parties. Yes, the carriages went through the doors and launched notable guests directly at the bottom of the staircase!
While walking up the stairway all the guests are continuously staring at the ceiling fresco illustrating five continents in symbolic manner. Tiepolo painted the Bishop to let the visitors know that he is well-known around all continents for his outstanding deeds. Walk up the staircase and try to guess all the continents!
The staircase leads to the numerous large halls all decorated in ornate, tender, luxurious and magnificent manner typical for rococo style.
The Court Gardens surrounding the residence are worth visiting for their history, beauty and impressive accuracy of symmetrical laying out performed by the gardener Johann Mayer by the end of the 18 th century.
Visit Wurzburg Residence photo gallery to get inside Baroque-designed halls without leaving your home!