October 1, 1756
October 1, 1904
Birth of Otto Robert Frisch in Vienna, Austria. Frisch was a physicist who did his doctoral work at the University of Vienna. Working with Niels Bohr in Copenhagen he observed the conversion of bombarded uranium into less complex elements. He named the process fission. He communicated this information to Albert Einstein. Later he came to the United States and was active in atomic research at Los Alamos.
October 1, 1911
Death of Wilhelm Dilthey in South Tyrol. A philosopher, Dilthey taught at the Universities of Basel, Kiel, Breslau and Berlin. Dilthey was distressed at the deep-seated influence of the natural sciences in contemporary thought. He developed a notion of Geisteswissenschaften. He sought to depart from the methodological ideal of the natural sciences and establish a separate, legitimate methodology for the humanities. Significant works by Dilthey include, Einleitung in die Geisteswissenschaften, and Studien zur Geschichte des deutschen Geistes.
October 1, 1939
October 1, 1942
Birth of Günter Wallraf in Burscheid, Germany. Wallraf was one of the leading Catholic scholars on the subject of codetermination.
October 1, 1945
Walther Funk, the president of the Reichsbank during WWII, is sentenced to life in prison by the Nürnberg trials. He was released in 1957.
October 1, 1946
After 216 sessions the Nürnburg War Crimes Court issues verdicts.
October 1, 1951
West Germany (BRD) enters GATT.
October 1, 1959
October 1, 1982
Due to divisions between the parties, the FDP leaves the coalition with the CDU/CSU and a vote of no confidence results in the end of the leadership of the SPD and the end of the service of Chancellor Helmut Schmidt.
October 1, 1982
Helmut Kohl becomes the German Bundeskanzler. His political party is the CDU. He was the longest serving chancellor in the Federal Republic of Germany.
October 1, 1990
The agreement is signed whereby the Allies of World War II return full sovereignty to Germany as of the agreed to unification date of October 3.