December 10, 1520
Martin Luther takes a papal bull which threatens to excommunicate him and publicly burns it in front of the Elster Gate in Wittenberg.
December 10, 1872
Birth of Ludwig Klages in Hannover, Germany. Klages was a professor at the University of Munich in natural sciences. He was the inventor of handwriting analysis. He was also a leader in the German vitalist movement arguing for a “Geist” which distinguishes humans from animals.
December 10, 1884
Birth of Albert Steffen in Murgenthal, Switzerland. As a young writer Steffen was distressed about the negative effects of technology. He joined the Anthroposophical movement in 1907 and later became the president. Works by Steffen include Das Todeserlebnis des Manes, Barrabas and Der Kunstler zwischen Westen und Osten.
December 10, 1889
Death of Ludwig Anzengruber in Vienna, Austria. Anzengruber was a writer of the Realist period. Works by Anzengruber include, Der Meineidbauer (1872), Die Kreuzelschreiber (1872), Doppelselbstmord (1876) and Der Sternsteinhof (1884).
December 10, 1891
Birth of Nelly (Leonie) Sachs (1891-1970) in Berlin, Germany. Sach’s poetry and drama convey the suffering and pain of German Jews. She lived in Berlin until 1940, when she learned that she was soon to be taken to a concentration camp and was able to escape to Sweden. It was at that time that she began to write poetry in serious fashion. She was awarded the German Publishers’ Peace Prize in 1965 and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1966. On the occasion of the receipt of the Nobel Prize she commented “I represent the tragedy of the Jewish People.” Her most noted play is, Eli: Ein Mysterienspiel vom Leiden Israels (1951).
December 10, 1929
Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII) leaves Berlin after having been Papal Nuncio in Germany since 1917. On February 7, 1930, he will make the Vatican’s secretary of state.
December 10, 1966
Nelly Sachs wins the Nobel Prize for Literature, which was presented on her 75th birthday.
December 10, 1999
Gunter Grass wins the nobel Prize for Literature.
December 10, 1999
The European Union, at its meeting in Helsinki, determines to take up negotiations with Rumania, Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, the Slovak Republic and Malta for admission to the Union. Negotiations begin in the spring of 2000. At the time of the decision negotiations were already underway with Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Estonia and Cyprus.
December 10, 2000
Herbert Kroemer wins the Nobel Prize in Physics. Born in Germany, Kroemer gained his doctorate at the University of Gottingen in 1952. He then carried on his work in fast transistors, laser diods and integrated chips while working for RCA laboratories and Varian Associates. From 1968 to 1976 he was a professor of physics at the University of Colorado and thereafter at the University of California in Santa Barbara.
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